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jueves, 25 de abril de 2013

How to Play Dungeons and Dragons

Fuente:

http://www.wikihow.com/Play-Dungeons-and-Dragons

Información:


Edited by Brent, Krystle C., Brigitta M., Xander and 48 others
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Dungeons and Dragons is a really good game to play while you are bored, or if you want to expand the realms of your imagination. After all, a game with a depth such as this really needs a lot of work to be played right. Here are some things to do to be able to play this magnificent game.

EditSteps

Sample Campaigns


Playing Dungeons and Dragons

  1. 1
    Purchase the handbooks. To be able to play Dungeons and Dragons, also known as D&D or more commonly DnD, you need to know the rules. If you can't find a store to buy the books from, try some website such as amazon.com. Read through the handbooks to the point that you basically know every rule.
  2. 2
    Join a game. The simplest, best, and easiest way to get started is to join an existing group. If you are less socially apt than average, this can seem daunting.  
    1. Find a group. Friends who are interested in D&D are also a good group that you can form
      • ##* Post a note on the cork board. "New player looking for a D&D game" should do it. Don't forget your contact details.
      • Leave some D&D paraphernalia lying about your workspace. You will want to purchase a set of D&D dice anyway. The 20-sided die is iconic - anyone who plays will know what they are for.
    2. Make contact. You must email, phone and/or meet the person hosting the group, and ask to join the game. The main thing you want to establish is age group. D&D is an activity that a mixed-age group can enjoy, but you don't necessarily want to be the only teenager in a room full of 40-year-olds. It's your call on that one.
    3. Show up on game night. Once again - there's no way around this. You must go to the home of a total stranger, and knock on the door. Just be brave, and by the way, it never hurts to have that Swiss Army Knife in your front pocket just in case the person turns out to be some sexual predator, or something. Learn to defend yourself.
  3. 3
    Organize your own game. This takes a little more work on your part.
    • Designate a Dungeon Master (DM). - most likely you, if you are the one organising a new game. This person should have the most knowledge of the rules, or at least most willing to learn and run the game. They will want to do a little bit of preparation of an adventure before the first session. This person should purchase or already have a copy of the Core Rulebooks - The Player's Handbook, The Dungeon Master's Guide & the Monster Manual I. There are tons more books available, but you only needthese three to run the game.
    • Find a place to play - Typically this involves a table with some chairs around it, and is usually at the DM's house/apartment (not for any real good reason, that just seems to be how it pans out). Preferably somewhere without distractions such as the TV or other folks who won't be playing.
    • Find interested players - When you're just starting out, you'll probably want to stick with friends. The only things they need is an interest in Fantasy settings, an open mind, and imagination. Optional, but recommended, items include a pencil, a set of dice (more on that later), and a Player's Handbook of their own.
  4. 4
    First Session - Character Creation - Once you've figured out who and where, you should all meet for character creation. You can do this alone, but with new and inexperienced players it is best to all get together. That way confusing topics and party balance can be easily explained and corrected.
    • Make sure everyone has a blank character sheet or use a program like Redbladeto do it for you.
    • Read the instructions regarding character creation in the Player's Handbook and have everyone but the DM create a character.
    • Take note of the differences between races and classes, and which complement each other. For example, if you decide to be a Fighter and this is your first time out, a Human or Half-Orc will be a far better choice than either an Elf or a Gnome. On the other hand, if you want a challenge, then try a Monk or a Spell Caster of any sort (Sorcerer, Druid, Cleric, Wizard, etc.)
      • This will be called your Player Character (PC). All the other characters that are in the game world which are not controlled by a Player are called Non-Player Characters (NPC) and will be controlled by the Dungeon Master.
  5. 5
    The Adventure Begins - You can move right into this step on the first session after you finish making characters, or this could also be the second session. Either way, this is where you all begin actually playing the game.
    • Each player controls their own PCs. You cannot control other people's PC, nor can you control NPCs.
    • The DM will describe where you are and what is around you.
    • The players all take turns telling the DM what action they would like to do in response. The DM will answer each question and explain what the outcome of any action.
    • Play will continue in this back and forth between the players and DM.
      • Example: Start the game with the DM telling you where you are and some general ideas about your surroundings, Such as: "You find yourself in a swamp. To the North you can see a house. To the West you can go further into the swamp. The East and South passages are blocked by dense growth".
        • Player 1: "I move to the North slowly, drawing my sword in case something attacks us."
        • Player 2: "How deep is the swamp water?"
        • Player 3: "Is the house in good repair?"
        • Player 4: "I move to the North, too."
        • DM: "The two of you begin to move north slowly, the mud sucking at your boots from below the water line. The water is about one to two feet deep; generally shin-deep. {Player 3}, you try to determine the quality of the house from where you are. Make a perception check."
          • Player 3, who is trying to see if she can do something that may or may not be feasible is asked to make a "perception check". She will roll a twenty-sided die (d20) and add her skill of perception to the total. The DM, in secret, will determine a number that represents how difficult it would be to succeed; this is called the "DC". If the player's total is equal or above the DC, then the attempt succeeds. More detail on how this works can be found in the Player's Handbook or in the SRD (System Reference Document).
        • Player 3 rolls a 13 on the d20. She adds the +3 she has in Spot, giving her PC a total of 16 to see the condition of the house. The DM had made the DC a 10, as it was fairly easy to see.
        • DM: "Squinting at the structure, you see that it seems to be leaning a bit to the side, with boards on the windows. It is unlikely that anyone has lived there in some time, but as to any thing living there... well, you're not too sure."
    • Additional examples of play are located in the Player's Handbook and Dungeon Master Guide.
  6. 6
    End of Game - Most sessions will end at or near a pre-determined time. The average time is determined by how often you play - if you can play once a week, then those sessions may be only four hours where-as if you can only play once a month, everyone may opt for eight hour sessions. Whichever you prefer, the DM generally keeps track of the time and will call the end of game when appropriate. Most DMs prefer to create an episodic "cliff-hanger" feel right before some kind of action to stop at. This essentially pauses the adventure at an intriguing point so that excitement for how it will resolve at the next session is high among the players. Just like a TV show, this will encourage everyone to come back next time!

EditVideo



EditTips

  • There are gaming modules (maps and stories which include various types of encounters such as: monsters, NPCs, and treasure locations) available both in the books and online which can assist a DM if he or she does not want to create one. This is a great place for new DMs to start.
  • Don't be afraid to role play! Try to say things that your character would say, rather than speaking in present-day slang. You don't have to pepper everything with Thou's or Milord's, but a medieval archer would not say "Dude!", or "that's wicked beast!"
  • Enjoy your time together, regardless of the outcome of the adventure. The point of it all is to have fun.Some people may think this rule does not apply and may throw temper tantrums if it doesn't go well. If this does happen don't be shy to ask your DM to kick him/her out.
  • Designate a Map Maker/Note Taker from the remaining players. This step is optional, but by doing so it will eliminate a lot of back-tracking and forgotten clues.
  • Dice are referred to by number of sides, so a d20 refers to a twenty-sided die. Some times you will need a d2 or d3, since these do not exist use a d6 with 1,2,3=1 and 4,5,6=2 or just a fair coin (d2) and 1,2=1; 3,4=2 and 5,6=3 (d3). The number preceding the "d" is the number of dice; so 3d6 is three six-sided dice.
  • Beginners should stick to the standard character races and classes found in the Player's Handbook.
  • In D&D gaming you roll various dice (from d4 to d20 - 4 sided to 20 sided dice) to determine the results of many actions when under duress, if the outcome could have non-trivial repercussions or if the action is challenging to the character enough to be unsuccessful. Examples could range from success or failure in combat, trying to jump over a large pit, how well you represented yourself in talks with a prince, if you could stay on a galloping horse in the rain, being able to see something from a distance, etc.

EditWarnings

  • Not everyone will understand the joy of roleplaying. That's their problem, not yours. Have fun no matter what they say.
  • Do not bring guests with you to a session unannounced. Always ask the DM and the owner of the location you are playing at before you show up with anyone! Spectators typically serve as more of a distraction than anything else and will make many people uncomfortable. This is especially true of the owner of the location. Being courteous and respectful is always important.
  • It can be difficult to focus on the adventure when you're with your friends. Gaming sessions frequently lapse into chit-chat. You decide whether this is good or bad.
  • The degree of roleplay is often determined by the group you play with. Learn how far they take the roleplay, and how much comedy is integrated into the roleplay.
  • It is a good idea to have a game grid system to eliminate any confusion on where everyone is compared to where the monsters are.
  • Make sure everyone is playing with the same version. There are major changes from one version to another, and even 3rd edition to 3.5 has some big changes. If you aren't careful, you may end up creating a character that is broken (extremely good, usually because of exploits) or one that can't correctly function due to the mix up of rules.
  • It's good to roleplay, but don't overdo it. For example, you don't need to always say stuff like, "Prithee my liege, but if mine dagger doesn't end up back in my ponce, I'm going to have to splay and butterfly you on a tree. Huzzah!"
  • If others do not role-play, it is not a problem you should get hung up on. Many do not role-play because they have strong beliefs against witchcraft and may become uncomfortable with someone acting like they can do spells. Others simply feel self-conscious playing "let's pretend" as grown-ups, and would rather focus on the game aspect of D&D. You can still have great fun behaving like real people!

EditThings You'll Need

  • Books for rules and information such as: Dungeons and Dragons: Players Handbook,Dungeons and Dragons: Dungeon Master GuideDungeons and Dragons: Monster Manual .
    • All three can be purchased as a starting pack in a slip case for a discount
    • The basic rules, called the d20 System Reference Document (SRD), are online and free. (http://www.d20srd.org)
  • Dice: d20, d12, d10(actually two dice in a pair, one going from 1-10 and another going from 10-100, counting up in tens) , d8, 4d6, 2d4
  • Paper and pen or pencil (for mapping, keeping track of character stats, etc)
  • Graph paper (optional): Great for map making for both the DM and the Map Maker
  • A friend

EditRelated wikiHows


EditSources and Citations

  • The Hypertext d20 SRD Many of the rules for Dungeons & Dragons in easy to use and reference Hypertext form.
  • Wikipedia: Dungeons & Dragons More information on D&D from creation to history to character details, etc.
  • Free RPG Tired of playing in a medieval fantasy world? Here's a list of free games if you're still interested in role playing. Don't worry, if you still want to play in a medieval fantasy world, there are options listed here that go beyond the original D&D realm as well.

Article Info

Categories: Role Playing Games
Recent edits by: Milind, Jordan, Teresa

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